of South Sudanese almost 70% of the
entire population remain displaced a and the brink of starvation one ayear down the line after the signing of the revitalized peace agreement.
The country continues to face a humanitarian crisis and people fear
that peace may not
last after the signing of the September 2018 peace deal, according to
a new report published today.
report by Oxfam, Norwegian Refugee Council, Care Foundation, Danish
Refugee Council, South Sudanese Organization, Nile Hope and Titi
Foundation titled no Simple Solution highlights the plight of women
refugees in transit to motherland.
South Sudan Refugees in PoC UN Camps.
new report says women, who lead the vast majority of displaced
households, may be especially vulnerable, including facing the threat
of sexual violence.“While
some women have begun returning to South Sudan, many are not going
back to their homes but seeking a safer and better place to live,”
the new report indicates.
five years of conflict, more than seven million South Sudanese –
over half the country’s population- are in need of humanitarian
conflict created the largest displacement crisis in Africa with over
4.3 million people forced to flee their homes;1.8 million people are
internally displaced and there are 2.3 million refugees in the
the signing of the revitalized peace deal, armed clashes between
parties have reduced, bringing tentative hope to many. But because of
the slow implementation of the deal, many women told us they are
still not sure if lasting peace is at hand.”Elysia Buchanan, policy
lead at Oxfam South Sudan, said:
Oxfam canoes transporting vulnerable people who could not make it by themselves to the mainland for the WFP food registration. Photo: Bruno Bierrenbach/Oxfam
civil war also fuelled the rise of sexual violence, including rape as
a weapon of war, and the abduction of women and girls who were forced
into sexual slavery.
the sheer scale of the crisis, and endemic levels of sexual and
gender-based violence, a South Sudanese woman activist quoted in the
report warned humanitarian agencies against rushing to support people
to return home. “This would be like throwing people from one frying
pan to another. Humanitarian actors should take things slow, until
refugees and internally displaced people can move by themselves.”
report above further states that due to the ongoing humanitarian
crisis, people returning from neighbouring countries often find
themselves in more difficult conditions than when they were
displaced, including struggling to find aplace to live.
George* sits on his mother’s lap as health personnel takes his measurements to determine his nutrition level. There are 208 malnutrition cases in this hospital in Nyal, Unity State
and again, women spoke to us of the challenges they face in returning
to their homes. They make the journey back, only to find that their
houses and properties were completely destroyed, or had already been
occupied by strangers, sometimes soldiers. Some of the women said
that if they try to reclaim their properties, they have no means of
support. They are more likely to be threatened or exposed to physical
or sexual assault.”Connolly Butterfield, Protection and Gender
Specialist of NRC, added
report states some
60 percent of displaced South Sudanese have been displaced more than
once, and one in 10 have been displaced more than five times.The
report calls on humanitarian agencies to do more help to people
caught in the endless cycle of movement.
Nyakueka, Gender and Protection Coordinator of the national NGO Nile
Hope, said: “After years of conflict, it will take time for the
country to recover. The warring parties who signed the peace deal
must ensure that the agreement leads to lasting changes on the
ground, not just in terms of security, but also in terms of improving
the lives of the South Sudanese people.”
Sudan President Salva Kiir, opposition leader Riek Machar including a
number of opposition figures signed the s called Revitalized peace
deal in September 2018.
modest progress its worth noting that a lot still needs to be done.
This is coming at a time when there is concerted effort by the Igad
and international community to have a face to face meeting between
the two leaders in Juba.